Spain continued the traditional, preindustrial
pattern of high birth and death rates throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries. Both rates began to decline shortly
after 1900, but it was only after the Spanish Civil War, and especially in the 1960's, that they fell significantly.
By the beginning of the 1990's, Spain's major demographic indicators were similar to those of other industrialized countries
of Europe. Birth rates began to fall slowly and continously at the beginning of the 20th century, but this decline stalled
during the 20 years after the Spanish Civil War when the Franco Regime followed policies that encouraged large families.
The birth rate fell below 20 per thousand people in the late 1960's and declined rapidily there after. Also, death rates
declined steadily after 1940 but at the same time life expectancy increased significantly, and by the begininning of the 1990's
it was among the highest in the world. Today, most Spaniards live in cities, and modern urban ways of life have become
commonplace. Many of the country's old customs, such as taking a siesta (major rest) after lunch are dissapearing.
- Population: 40,280,780 (July 2004)
- Population growth: 0.16%
- Birth rate: 10.11 births/ 1,000 population
- Death rate: 9.55 deaths/ 1,000 population
- Net migration rate: 0.99 migrant(s)/ 1,000 population
- Total fertility rate: 1.27 children born/ women
- HIV/AIDS: 130,000 (2001)
- Age Stucture:
- 0-14 yrs: 14.4% (male- 2,989053; female- 2,811,350)
- 15-64 yrs: 68.0% (male- 13,748998; female- 13,652,852)
- 65 yrs +: 17.6% (male- 2,958,387; female- 4,120,140)