Although Spain lies in the temperate zone, its rugged
relief gives rise of a great diversity of climates. The Cantabrian Mountains mark the first well-defined climatological
dividing zone. To the north of this range lies what we may call rainy Spain, with only slight variations in temperature.
It has mild winters and cool summers, and it is almost constantly cloudy sky and frequent rainfall. This climate, which
is typical of western Europe, favours a northern European type of vegetation. To the south of the Cantabrian range lies
dry Spain. This area has extremely varied climate and it is always characterized by scarce rainfall and a pitless burning
sun in an intensely blue sky, occasionally crossed by short lived, but fierce local thunderstorms. In terms of surface
area however, rainy Spain accounts for about a third of the country, while the other two thirds make up dry Spain. Overall,
the climate is predominantly continental, with hot, dry summers and rather hard, cold winters. A maritime climate prevails
in the northern part of the country, characterized by relatively mild winters, warm but not hot summers, and generally abundant
rainfall spread throughout the year. A Mediterranean climate is experienced from the Andalasian Plain along the
south and east coasts, and is characterized by irregular, inadequate rainfall which occurs mostly in autumn and winter.
As you can see, Spain has extremely diverse climates!